In VB6, the Param Array keyword could be used to specify an arbitrary number of parameters for a declaration, sub, or function. ParamArrays were always passed by reference (ByRef). In Visual Basic .NET, ParamArrays are always passed by value; the Param Array keyword must be preceded by the ByVal keyword. When a parameter is passed by value, a copy of the variable is passed; when passed by reference, a pointer to the variable is passed. When passing by value, it is possible that the value of the variable may have changed and that the copy is out of date.